Mahatma Gandhi: A Light for the World

Around the world, there are some people whose leadership, philosophy changes the whole world. Those who appeared in the dark with the torch of light. Those who write with their lives all the words of human welfare. One such person is Mahatma Gandhi. Standing for peace, he has set another example on earth.

He was the founder of the Nonviolent Doctrine and Satyagraha Movement. Through a non-violent movement, he united the whole of India, raising the consciousness of the people against dictatorship. And at the same time took people to truth and justice, to democracy and to humanity. He is the great hero of India's independence struggle. He is the father of the nation of India.

Gandhi was one of the motivators of liberated people all over the world. Everywhere on earth he heard the cry of the oppressed, oppressed people, he ran away. He was the guide of peaceable people everywhere, not just Africans, but also Kolkata, Noakhali. Today's writing is written about the legendary Mahatma Gandhi.

He was born on October 2, 1869 in a Hindu Modh family in Porbandar, Gujarat. His real name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Although he is better known as Mahatma Gandhi. His father, Karamchand Gandhi, was a Dewan of Porbandar, and his mother Putuliba was the daughter of a devout Vaishnava. After his birth, Gandhi grew up in Porbandar, his birthplace. And that's where his primary education began. He received the best education of his life from his mother's ideals and the Jain-influenced environment of Gujarat. Nonviolence towards life, vegetarian eating, fasting for self-purification, mutual tolerance of different religions and communities are the reasons why he embraced long ago.

At 1883, when he was only 13 years old, he suddenly married a 14-year-old girl named Kasturubai, who loved his parents. However, marriage did not mean anything special to him at that time, his spouse Kasturubai was then his only companion. Later in the marriage, Gandhi and Kasturubai gave birth to four sons.



Mahatma Gandhi was not very talented as a student. He spent most of his life in Porbandar and Rajkot. He received a basic education in history, geography and mathematics from a local school in Rajkot. He then passed the matriculation examination from Samaldas College in Bhavnagar, Gujarat. After that, Gandhi had a strong desire to read the barrister. But because of the vegetarian and conservative attitude of all his family, no one initially agreed to allow him to go to the villa, thinking that the boy could completely forget the rules of the clan. Later, when his older brother allowed him to study barrister, Mahatma Gandhi went to University College London to study barrister on September 4 in 1888, at the age of 18.

Even before going to London, Gandhi promised his mother and wife to stay away from meat, alcohol and sex. Later, he lived in London. The vows made to them in India are affected. However, he did not prevent himself from practicing any virtues. In addition to studying barristers, he made himself proficient in dance education. While in London, he avoided sour foods. This vegetarian diet is not just what the mother says, but because she is interested in doing enough education about living a vegan life, she accepts vegetarian food. Then after a while he joined the Vegetarian Association and was elected a member of the working committee there. Then the local branch of the company was also started. His experience in later life is very useful in organizational activities.

Then Mahatma Gandhi returned home from London. After returning home, Gandhi had to get up to speed as a lawyer. He then went to South Africa to work as a lawyer at the invitation of Dada Abdullah at 1893. South Africa dramatically changed Gandhi's life. Upon arriving there, he was generally discriminated against by Indians and blacks. One day he was forced to go from the first class room of a train on Peter Merrysburg to a third class room, despite the validity of the first class ticket, only he was called Indian.

He was also hit by a driver while traveling on Stagecoach because he refused to board a footboard to accommodate a European passenger. He had to suffer more on the way, he was expelled from the hotel. These events later played a major role in turning social activity around. Helps in the fight against racism, superstition and injustice against Indians.

In South Africa, Indians did not have voting rights. He stayed in the country for some more time to raise the bill to collect this right. Although the Bill did not serve its purpose, it was the movement that raised the rights of Indians in that country. Then in 1894, he founded the Natal Indian Congress. Through this organization he organized the Indians there politically.

Returning to India after a brief visit to India on January 1897, a white mob tried to kill him. But Gandhi did not make any complaint against them. He then returned to India on January 9, 1915 to fight for the rights of the underprivileged.

The first achievement in Gandhi's life came through the Champaran protests of the year and the Satya Satyagraha in 1918. The British introduced an exploitative tax in the midst of severe famine and sought to increase it. By doing so, the situation became increasingly unstable. Immediately he gathered local volunteers and built an ashram for the villagers and shortly afterwards he established hospitals and schools. Later he led a well organized protest and agitation against the zamindars. Then they postponed the increase in the rate of revenue and collected it until the famine was over. It was during this protest that the people gladly gave Gandhi the title of Bapu (father) and Mahatma (great heart).

In December 1921, Mahatma Gandhi became the executive officer of the Indian National Congress. Under his leadership, the Congress adopted the new constitution, in keeping with Swaraj's goal. Gandhi's weapon against injustice was always peaceful resistance and non-cooperation movement. His movement gained huge popularity at that time and people from all walks of life participated in it. He was later sentenced to six years' imprisonment for crimes against the state on March 10, 1992 but was released within two years of his sentence.

The lack of a unified personality of Gandhi cracks the inside of the Indian National Congress. During the non-violent movement of Hindu-Muslim, the erosion of cordiality took place. To resolve these disputes, he tried to do the work of a bridge, and in the autumn of 1924 he had three weeks' hunger strike.

Gandhi demanded that the British Government give Dominion status to the British Government at the Calcutta Congress in December 1928, otherwise threatening full independence in addition to the new non-violent policies. He then launched a new Satyagraha campaign against taxation on salt. For this reason, he organized a salt walk for Dundee on March 1930, and with 78 companions, he walked 400 km from March 12 to April 6 to reach Dundee from Allahabad to make salt in his hand. Thousands of Indians accompanied him on this journey. The British arrested 60,000 people for revenge. It was, however, one of his most successful movements against British rule. As a result of this movement, the Gandhi-Irwin Treaty was signed in 1931. Gandhi was invited to London for a round table meeting. There he represented the Congress alone.

Mahatma Gandhi started the Quit India Movement for English rulers directly in 1942. He was arrested again on August 9, 1943 of the same year and detained at Aga Khan Palace in Pune. The movement stopped when the British pledged India's independence at the end in 1947. India saw independence in the next four.

After independence, Mahatma Gandhi used to pray every morning and evening. There were talk of all religions, so that hundreds of people participated. Gandhi was preparing for the evening prayer meeting on January 30, 1948. At that very moment, Nathuram fired three pistols at Godse's chest very close to his chest. Even after all these years of his death, the whole world still remembers this great leader with great respect.

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